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what is pain?

Pain is physical suffering or discomfort typically caused by illness or injury. Chronic pain is defined as any pain lasting more than 12 weeks. It can persist for months or years. Opiates are the most common treatment for chronic pain, even though substantial research shows that they are not effective.

Russo EB1, Guy GW, Robson PJ. (2007). "Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from therapeutic clinical trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine." Chem Biodivers. 4(8):1729-43.


Fine PG1, Rosenfeld MJ. (2014). "Cannabinoids for neuropathic pain." Curr Pain Headache Rep. 18(10):451. doi: 10.1007/s11916-014-0451-2.


"These results suggest that CBD may enhance THC's antinociceptive and hypolocomotive effects, primarily prolonging THC's duration of action; however, these effects were small and inconsistent across experiments. CBD inhibition of THC metabolism as well other mechanisms likely contribute to CBD-THC interactions on behavior."

Britch SC1, Wiley JL2, Yu Z3, Clowers BH3, Craft RM4. (2017). "Cannabidiol-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol interactions on acute pain and locomotor activity." Drug Alcohol Depend. 175:187-197. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.046. Epub 2017 Apr 15.


*Current research does not guarantee that cannabinoids will cure any condition. However, a growing body of ongoing studies does suggest that these cannabinoids could offer treatment potential for a variety of physical and mental conditions.